Neum Corridor - info about passenger and goods traffic

In accordance with the customs regulations of the Union, goods moving across the external border of the Union are subject to customs and security controls, which means that these measures apply to goods transported via the Neum Corridor to the area of Dubrovnik and to goods transported from the area of ​​Dubrovnik to the rest of the Republic of Croatia/EU. The prescribed measures of control over goods transported through the Neum Corridor are carried out at the border crossings Klek and Zaton Doli.
Passenger traffic
Goods placed in the personal luggage of passengers travelling through the Neum Corridor from the Republic of Croatia/EU to the Republic of Croatia/EU are verbally reported to customs officers. The same applied to goods that are not part of the luggage, if they are non-commercial goods.
Goods traffic
Customs procedures and measures of control over commercial goods which, after leaving the Republic of Croatia/EU and before re-entry into the Republic of Croatia/EU, move through the Neum region depend on the customs status of the goods, the type of goods and their value. The customs status of the goods implies the designation of goods as Union goods (domestic goods) and Non-Union goods (foreign goods).

Union goods are goods entirely obtained in the customs territory of the Union (EU28) under the conditions of Article 5 paragraph 23 of the Union Customs Code, goods imported from countries or territories that are not part of the customs territory of the Union and released for free circulation, and goods obtained or manufactured in the customs territory of the Union from the aforementioned goods.
 
Non-Union goods mean all goods other than those specified in the previous paragraph.
 
Union goods shall lose that status when they actually leave the Union territory, except in the case when, due to movement between two points in the Union through a foreign customs territory, it is placed under the internal transit procedure (T2) or it is accompanies during such movement by documents proving the customs status of the Union goods (T2L documents).
Movement of Non-Union goods through the Neum Corridor
Non-Union goods are under customs control, so such goods move through the Neum Corridor under the customs procedure of external transit (T1) and the NCTS application. When commencing the transit procedure, the user of the procedure is obliged to submit safety data sets intended for transit customs offices Klek and Zaton Doli (using the NCTS application) along with prescribed customs data.
Movement of Union goods through the Neum Corridor
When the Union goods move between two points in the Republic of Croatia/EU by passing through the Neum territory, they are subject to the measures of customs and security control and may move:
  • by using the internal transit procedure T2 (where the declaration must contain customs and security data) or
  • followed by the T2L document and summary security declarations (EXS and ENS).
 
Union goods with value that does not exceed EUR 15,000 per means of transport
Based on the exemptions agreed during negotiations and on the basis of the Treaty of Accession of the Republic of Croatia to the European Union, Union goods moving across the Neum territory and those whose value does not exceed EUR 15,000 are exempt from the obligation to submit summary security declarations.

In order to preserve the customs status of Union goods, the goods must be accompanied by a paper document proving the customs status of the Union goods (the so-called T2L document). The document may be in the form of a copy of 4 unique customs declarations, an invoice or a transport document. When used as evidence of the Union goods status, an invoice or a transport document must include at least the following information: full name and address of the consignor or the subject person if they are not consignor, the number and type, labels and packaging reference numbers, description of the goods, gross mass in kilograms, the value of the goods and the number of the container (if applicable).
 
The consignor shall enter a visible and clear “T2L” mark on the document and shall sign and certify it with a stamp (with which they declare that the goods are Union goods). For the purposes of customs records, the consignor/carrier shall prepare 1 copy of the T2L document.

The carrier shall submit the goods and the T2L document to the customs office through which the goods temporarily abandon the customs territory of the Republic of Croatia (the Union). The customs officer shall record the consignment, determine the deadline for crossing the Neum territory, seal the goods in the case of products of animal origin, enter the number and designations of the seal on the T2L document and allow the goods to pass.
 
The deadline for crossing the Neum territory is limited by the decision of the exit customs office. After passing the Neum territory, the carrier is obliged to submit a T2L document and goods to the customs office through which they are re-entering the Republic of Croatia (Union). The customs officer shall check the seals (if any), the documents and goods (if they deem it necessary), keep the T2L document and then release the goods into free circulation.
Union goods whose value exceeds EUR 15,000 per means of transport
If the value of the Union goods in one means of transport exceeds EUR 15,000, in addition to the T2L document (and goods), the carrier (or the person authorised by them) is obliged to submit the exit summary declaration (EXS), i.e. its MRN number, as proof that it was filed. Based on the submitted EXS and its MRN number, the customs office will carry out the prescribed security checks and then carry out the prescribed customs procedure (described above and based on the T2L document). After completing the customs and security checks, they will hand over the certified copy of the T2L to the applicant and allow the goods to exit the country.

After passing the Neum territory within the prescribed deadline, the carrier shall deliver the goods, the certified T2L document and the MRN number of the entry summary declaration (ENS) to the customs office at the place of the re-entry of the goods into the customs territory of the Republic of Croatia. The entry summary declaration is previously submitted by the carrier or the person authorised by them by using the ICS application. The customs office of re-entry will, based on the submitted MRN number and the T2L document, carry out the security and customs procedure (mandatory check of the seals if they are placed and the goods, when decided that it is necessary) and keep the T2L document and thus release the goods to free circulation once again.
 
The EXS and ENS are submitted electronically by using the ECS (for EXS) and ICS (for ENS) applications. The application data can be found on the official website of the Customs Administration. For the purpose of access to the subject applications, entrepreneurs wishing to transport goods through the Neum territory must buy on the market or independently create an application module that will allow them to access ECS and ICS applications (and the submission of EXS and ENS).
 
EXS and ENS can be filed from any location in the Union that has access to the internet (e.g. from Split, Dubrovnik, Cavtat...) provided that the applicant owns application access certificates (issued by FINA) and all prescribed consignment information. EXS and ENS are submitted in advance. The person managing the means of transport is obliged to have MRN numbers of the submitted EXS and ENS, which they shall present to the competent customs officer at the point of exit from the country or entry into the country.
 
EXS and ENS cannot be submitted at the Klek and Zaton Doli border crossings nor are there persons (e.g. international forwarders/shippers) that could submit them at the authorisation of the carrier.
Exemption from the obligation to submit security declarations (EXS and ENS)
Apart for consignments of Union goods whose value does not exceed EUR 15,000, goods listed in Art. 104 of Union Customs Code Delegated Act (in entry) and Art. 245. Union Customs Code Delegated Act (in the amount) of which we mention some that can be transported through the Neum corridor, are also exempt from the obligation to submit EXS and ENS:
 
 
Apart from goods whose value does not exceed EUR 10,000, the following is also exempt from the obligation to submit the EXS and ENS:
  • Letters, postcards, prints, including those on the electronic media (exempt from the obligation to submit ENS and EXS);
  • Goods moving in accordance with the rules of the Universal Postal Union Convention (exempt from obligation to submit EXS);
  • Goods in postal consignments weighing no more than 250 grams (exempt from the obligation to submit ENS until 31 December 2020)
  • Household items (referred to in Article 2 paragraph item d) of the Council Regulation (EC) no. 1186/2009), if they are not transported under the contract of carriage (exempt from the obligation to submit ENS and EXS);
  • Goods for which an oral declaration is allowed for release to free circulation (non-commercial goods; commercial goods in passenger’s personal luggage whose value does not exceed EUR 1,000 or mass does not exceed 1,000 kg); goods for which an oral declaration is allowed for temporary import – (pallets, containers, means of transport and parts, accessories and equipment for them, personal belongings and items for sports activities, materials for seafarers’ entertainment, medical and surgical equipment, equipment, instruments and machines required by physicians, materials for assistance to injured persons, portable musical instruments, packaging to be imported full and returned, equipment for RTV production) – provided that it is not transported under the contract of carriage (exempt from the obligation to submit ENS);
  • Goods for which declaration is allowed by an activity for release to free circulation (means of transportation and portable music instruments exempt from import customs as returned goods pursuant to Article 203 of the Union Customs Code (re-import)), for temporary import (equipment, instruments and machines required by physicians, materials for assistance to injured persons, portable musical instruments) – provided that they are not transported under a contract of carriage (exempt from the obligation to submit ENS);
  • Goods deemed to be declared for export by an activity (non-commercial goods; commercial goods in personal luggage of passengers whose value does not exceed EUR 1,000 or mass does not exceed 1000 kg; transport vehicles registered in the Union) and portable musical instruments – provided that they are not transported under the contract of carriage (exempt from the obligation to submit EXS);
  • Goods in the personal luggage of passengers (exempt from the obligation to submit ENS and EXS);
  • Goods covered by the ATA and CPD carnets (exempt from the obligation to submit ENS and EXS with the additional condition that they are not transported under a contract of carriage for ENS);
  • Goods moving pursuant to Form 302 envisaged by the Convention between the parties to the North Atlantic Treaty regarding the Status of their Forces, signed in London on 19 June 1951 (exempt from the obligation to submit ENS and EXS);
  • Weapons and military equipment taken from the customs territory of the Union by bodies in charge of military defence of the Member States in military transport or transport carried out solely for the use of military bodies (exempt from the obligation to submit ENS and EXS);
  • Goods in consignments whose value does not exceed EUR 22, provided that the customs authorities, with the consent of the economic subject, accept to carry out a risk analysis using the information contained in the system used by the economic subject or provided by that system (exempt from the obligation to submit EXS);
  • Goods entitled to exemption under the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 18 April 1961, the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations of 24 April 1963 or other consular conventions, or the New York Convention on Special Missions of 16 December 1969 (exempt from the obligation to submit ENS and EXS);
  • Goods delivered for installation as parts or accessories in vessels or aircrafts, motor fuels, lubricants and gas required for the operation of such vessels or aircrafts, foodstuffs and other items to be consumed or sold on board a vessel or aircraft (exempt from the obligation to submit ENS and EXS).
Products of animal origin
Products of animal origin (meat and fish products and products of animal origin intended for human consumption, animal feeding, for pharmaceutical use, for industrial use or use in farming) may be moved through Neum territory when applying prescribed customs procedures and measures and provided that they are transported in vehicles that can be efficiently sealed. The vehicles will be sealed by customs officers at the location where they temporarily leave the customs territory. Ships which cannot be effectively sealed will not be allowed to leave the customs territory of the Republic of Croatia (Union).
 
Live animals
Transport of live animals through the Neum territory is not permitted.
 
Exceptionally, when passing through the Neum territory, passengers can transport up to 5 pets (dogs, cats, domesticated ferrets) provided that the pets have implanted chips and the stipulated documents.